The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

Shofar FTP Archive File: camps/ravensbruck/braunsteiner.h

Newsgroups: alt.revisionism
Subject: Holocaust Almanac: Hermine Braunsteiner
Followup-To: alt.revisionism
Organization: The Nizkor Project
Keywords: Braunsteiner,Ravensbruck

Archive/File: camps/ravensbruck/braunsteiner.h
Last-Modified: 1994/06/03

BRAUNSTEINER, HERMINE. A female guard in Nazi death camps during World
War II. In 1941 and 1942 she acted as supervisor of the Ravensbruck
concentration camp in Germany, and in 1943 she served as supervising
warden in the extermination camp of Maidanek, near Lublin ...  

In 1949 she was convicted by an Austrian court of murder, including
assassination, manslaughter, and infanticide, and sentenced to three
years in prison. After her release an Austrian civil court granted her
amnesty from further prosecution in that country.

In 1959 (she) married .. an American .. and settled in New York City
and in 1963 became an American citizen. At this time she was brought
to court for a deportation hearing. ...testimony against her included
evidence by survivors of concentration camps who identified her as a 
guard responsible for terrorizing, torturing, and murdering inmates.
She was accused of assisting actively in the selection process that
consigned women, children, and elderly persons to the gas chambers....

In 1971 the United States stipped (her) of her citizenship because she
had failed to state on her application for American residence that she
had served in German concentration camps. ...a bench warrant was
issued (in Germany) for (her) return for trial before a German court.
At the same time a similar request came from the Polish government.
... She became the first United States resident whos extradition for
alleged war crimes was granted.

Taken from the ...----------------------------------------------------
Encyclopedia of the Third Reich, by Dr. Louis L. Snyder, Professor of
History, The City College and The City University of New York. Paragon
House, New York, 1989. ISBN 1-55778-144-3

... in response to a question about the correct spelling for
Majdanek, I received the following:

"Majdanek is a suburb of Lublin (located to the south of the city center)
and is spelled with 'j'. 'Maidanek' must be a distortion that somehow
crept into books.

Note that although the vast majority of Majdanek's victims were Jews,
they were not the only ones."

...and another:

"Maidanek, spelled variously depending on English-Polish transliteration, is a
regular extermination camp within the city limits of Lublin --- the city
streetcars go there.  I've visited the place, and in some ways it's at least as
gruesome as Auschwitz... there is a huge cocnrete half shell entirely filled
with the ashes and bone remains of the victims, and whole barracks full of
their belongings."

.. thank you.

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