The Nizkor Project: Remembering the Holocaust (Shoah)

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\s25\tqc\tx4320\tqr\tx8640 \f5\fs20 \sbasedon0\snext25 footer;}{\*\cs26 \additive\sbasedon10 page number;}}{\info{\author Kenneth McVay}{\operator Kenneth McVay}{\creatim\yr1996\mo7\dy5\hr10\min8}{\revtim\yr1996\mo7\dy9\hr10\min57}
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\par }\pard \s25\qc\tqc\tx4320\tqr\tx8640 {\fs16 The Nizkor Project -- \ldblquote A Layman\rquote s Guide to Willis Carto & the Institute for Historical Review\rdblquote 
\par This document may be reproduced and distributed, without charge (excepting printing costs) for educational use.
\par }\pard \s25\qc\tqc\tx4320\tqr\tx8640 {\b\i\fs18\ul The Nizkor Project, 462-1150 N. Terminal Avenue, Nanaimo, B.C. Canada V9S }{\b\i\fs18 5T8              Pg.     }{\field{\*\fldinst {\cs26\b\fs24  PAGE }}{\fldrslt {\cs26\b\fs24 2}}}
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{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}{\*\pnseclvl9\pnlcrm\pnstart1\pnindent720\pnhang{\pntxtb (}{\pntxta )}}\pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par \pard \qc {\b\i\fs32 The Nizkor Project}{\b\fs32 
\par }\pard \qc {\b\fs32 
\par }\pard \qc {\b\i\fs32 IHR: A Layman's Guide
\par to
\par Willis Carto
\par &
\par The Institute for Historical Review
\par }\pard \qc {\b\i\fs36 
\par }\pard\plain \s15\sb360\tqr\tx8640 \b\caps\f5 {\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\b0\caps0\fs36  TOC \\o "1-2" }}{\fldrslt 1. Introduction & Editorial Notes\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\caps0  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541906  }{\field{\*\fldinst {\caps0 
 PAGEREF _Toc361541906 }}{\fldrslt {\caps0 2}}}}}
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\par \pard\plain \s15\sb360\tqr\tx8640 \b\caps\f5 2. Background Information\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\caps0  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541908  }{\field{\*\fldinst {\caps0  PAGEREF _Toc361541908 }}{\fldrslt {\caps0 2}}}}}
\par \pard\plain \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 \b\f4\fs20 2.1 Willis Carto\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541909  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541909 }{\fldrslt 3}}}}
\par \pard \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 2.2 Liberty and Property\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541910  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541910 }{\fldrslt 5}}}}
\par \pard\plain \s15\sb360\tqr\tx8640 \b\caps\f5 3. IHR Publications\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\caps0  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541911  }{\field{\*\fldinst {\caps0  PAGEREF _Toc361541911 }}{\fldrslt {\caps0 5}}}}}
\par \pard\plain \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 \b\f4\fs20 3.1 Noontide Press\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541912  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541912 }{\fldrslt 6}}}}
\par \pard \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 3.2 The Journal of Historical Review\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541913  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541913 }{\fldrslt 7}}}}
\par 3.3 The Spotlight\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541914  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541914 }{\fldrslt 8}}}}
\par 3.4 IHR/JHR Editorial Advisory Staff & Writers\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541915  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541915 }{\fldrslt 9}}}}
\par \pard\plain \s15\sb360\tqr\tx8640 \b\caps\f5 4. Political Organizations & Activities\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\caps0  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541916  }{\field{\*\fldinst {\caps0  PAGEREF _Toc361541916 }}{\fldrslt {\caps0 16}}}}}
\par \pard\plain \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 \b\f4\fs20 4.1 National Youth Alliance\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541917  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541917 }{\fldrslt 16}}}}
\par \pard \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 4.2 The Populist Action Committee (Richard Hatch, May, 1993)\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541918  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541918 }{\fldrslt 16}}}}
\par 4.3 The Populist Party\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541919  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541919 }{\fldrslt 20}}}}
\par \pard\plain \s15\sb360\tqr\tx8640 \b\caps\f5 5. IHR Investigates Conference Attendees\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\caps0  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541920  }{\field{\*\fldinst {\caps0  PAGEREF _Toc361541920 }}{\fldrslt {\caps0 21}}}}}
\par \pard \s15\sb360\tqr\tx8640 6. Epilog\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\caps0  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541921  }{\field{\*\fldinst {\caps0  PAGEREF _Toc361541921 }}{\fldrslt {\caps0 21}}}}}
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\par \pard\plain \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 \b\f4\fs20 7.1 Suggesting Reading\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541923  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541923 }{\fldrslt 22}}}}
\par \pard \s16\li200\sb240\tqr\tx8640 7.2 Glossary\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541924  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541924 }{\fldrslt 23}}}}
\par 7.3 Works Cited\tab {\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst  GOTOBUTTON _Toc361541925  {\field{\*\fldinst  PAGEREF _Toc361541925 }{\fldrslt 23}}}}
\par \pard\plain \qc \f5\fs20 }}\pard\plain \qc \f5\fs20 
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\b\f5\fs28\kerning28 Introduction & Editorial Notes{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539702}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539778}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541180}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541906} 
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par \pard "If antisemitism has a core, factual meaning, it was demonstrated here." Thus did Judge Bork, in 1984, dismiss the suit brought by Willis Carto's Liberty Lobby against {\i The Wall Street Journal} for having called it "anti-Semitic."
\par \pard 
\par \pard The Coalition for Human Dignity describes the Institute for Historical Review as "... a pseudo-academic think tank dedicated to disproving that the Holocaust happened. Founded by the dean of American anti-Semites Willis Carto, IHR fu
nctions as a clearinghouse for Holocaust denial and a meeting ground for anti-Semitic scholars in the United States." ({\i CHD, "Denial"}) 
\par \pard 
\par \pard 
This document is presented as part of a continuing effort to provide those confronting the IHR's propaganda machine with a research tool to help them understand the nature of the organization, its associations and some of the principal players. It was com
piled and edited with the help of lots of concerned folks on the network; without their assistance it probably could not 
have been produced. (Several sections within this document are incomplete, and have been marked [Work in progress] - with luck, those sections will have been completed within the next month or so.) In particular, I would like to acknowledge Richard Hatch'
s PAC contribution, which was invaluable.
\par \pard 
\par \pard The documents cited in this work which are available from our ftp server are often noted in the form (get archive filename).  The path is provided to the file via {\b}.
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\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par This post, as a collection of information, is Copyright \'a9
1993-1996 by Ken McVay, as a work of literature. Distribution by any electronic means is granted with the understanding that the article not be altered in any way. Permission to distribute in printed form must be
 obtained in writing.  The removal of this copyright notice is forbidden.
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{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541908}Background Information{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539704}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539781}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541182}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541908}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par \pard The Institute for Historical Review was founded in 1979 by Lewis Brandon, who also served as the first director.  (Lewis Brandon is an alias for William David
 McCalden, a British neo-fascist who in 1975 had founded Britain's National Party, a break-away from the notorious neo-Nazi National Front.)  
\par \pard 
\par \pard The IHR operates under the umbrella of the Legion for Survival of  Freedom, a registered non-profit corporation in the State of Texas.
\par \pard 
\par \pard The Institute for Historical Review is the moving force in the movement to deny the Holocaust.  Its initial meeting was opened by Willis Carto, who also funds the organization, and whom some (including Dennis King, author of the 198
9 work "Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism") credit with starting it.  No matter - with McCalden out of the way (he left the IHR, and has since died), the IHR was Carto's mouthpiece, until his forced ouster in late 1994.
\par \pard 
\par Among the speakers at the 1980 convention were the Swede Felderer, convicted and institutionalized in his country, and the Frenchman, Robert Faurisson, convicted in his country of libel and promoting racism  and expelled from his University (though he sti
ll misrepresents himself as member of its faculty).
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539705}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539782}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541183}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541909}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 2.1\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 Willis Carto
{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539705}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539782}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541183}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541909}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Carto, born in 1926 in Indiana, had helped edit "Right" (a mid-fifties San Francisco newsletter for an information clearinghouse for antisemitic activities), was, inter alia, director of the far right Congress of Freedom and, briefly, organizer for the Jo
hn Birch Society, from which he was later expelled.  
\par In 1989, Dennis King provided this picture of Carto's ideological background during his discussion of the connection between Lyndon LaRouche, the NCLC (see Glossary, below), and Carto's Liberty Lobby  ({\ul get pub/orgs/american/ihr/larouche.ihr}):
\par \pard \li720\ri720 
Carto, founder of the Liberty Lobby, was by far the most successful and influential American anti-Semite of the 1970s.  He was an intellectual disciple of the late Francis Parker Yockey, who roamed Europe and North America in the 1950s futility attempting
 to build an underground movement.  Carto met Yockey only once - in San Francisco in 1960, when Yockey was in jail awaiting trial for possession of false passports.  Several 
days after their meeting, Yockey committed suicide in his cell by taking cyanide.  Carto, already an ultrarightist, dedicated himself to carrying out Yockey's mission to save Western civilization.
\par This mission was set forth in Yockey's 'Imperium,' a 600-page synthesis of Nazi racialism and Oswald Spengler's philosophy of history.  The book was dedicated to the 'Hero of the Second World War' (Hitler).  But Carto, although devoted to Yockey's ideas, 
had no illusions about Yockey's tactics.  Instead of engagi
ng in inept conspiracies, he concentrated on building a political movement and developed a populist cover ideology.  Although he discreetly sold 'Mein Kampf' and 'The Protocols of the Elders of Zion' by mail, he publicly denied being either a Nazi or an a
nti-Semite - he was merely 'anti-Zionist.'
\par Carto defended Hitler's heritage, not by saying the Holocaust had been a good thing, but by denying that it ever took place.  He founded the Institute for Historical Review to prove that the alleged murder of six 
million Jews was a hoax invented by Zionists to make people feel sorry for them.  Carto went so far as to publish a theory that the gas ovens at Auschwitz were really just an industrial facility for converting coal into oil, operated by happy well-fed Jew
ish prisoners.
\par Carto's Liberty Lobby, based in Washington, D.C., and nominally headed by Colonel Curtis B. Dall (a former son-in-law of President Franklin D. Roosevelt), enjoyed friendly ties with conservative congressmen. It published a weekly tabloid, 'T
he Spotlight,' which by 1979 enjoyed a paid circulation of almost 200,000*. Its articles championed income-tax rebels, protested the plight of family farmers, and promoted quack cancer cures such as laetrile. Its favorite political targets included the Ro
ckefellers, the Rothschilds, Henry Kissenger, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the 'Zionist entity' in Palestine." ({\i King}, 39-40)
\par \pard 
\par *According to George and Wilcox, circulation peaked at 315,000 in 1981 and had fallen to about 90,000 by 1992. ({\i George & Wilcox}, 260)   
\par What kind of a man is Carto?  The answer to that question is suggested by his writing:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 
There are 600 million Chinese and about 200 million Russians.  All united in a determination to destroy the West.  And we have been so misled that we live in a dream world - far away from reality. Hitler's defeat was the defeat of Europe.  And America.  H
ow could we have been so blind?  The blame, it seems, must be laid at the door of the international Jews.  It was their propaganda, lies and demands which blinded the West as to what Germany was doing.  --- from a letter to Norris Holt
\par Who is using who?  Who is calling the shots?  History supplies the answer to this.  History tells us plainly who our Enemy is.  Our Enemy today is the same Enemy of 50 years ago and before - and that was before Communism.  The Communists are "using" the J
ews we are told ...  who was "using" the Jews fifty years ago - one hundred or one thousand years ago.  History supplies the answer. The Jews came first and remain Public Enemy No.  1.  --- a memo to himself
\par In fact, no objective Scholar can deny today that the world would be a far better place to live if Germany had won - even if it had meant the defeat of American arms!
\par Let us first understand who won and who lost the last war.  The victors were Soviet Russia, international Communism, Red China, Israel, international Zionism, the international money manipulators (Wall Street-CFR crowd) and rising colored nationalisms the
 world over.
\par Let us now name the losers: All of the 
European nations, most certainly including Britain and her now non-existent Empire, the United States, White world-hegemony and the idea of the war-preventing, world-saving philosophy of nationalism and non-interference in the affairs of others.
\par (Hitler and Chamberlain, incidentally, and contrary to the massive lies told about "Munich," worked out a sensible and workable agreement at Munich to save Europe from a war.  In return for a free hand in the east, Hitler guaranteed Chamberlain that Germa
ny would n
ot contest Britain's dominance on the seas, or covet any of her colonies.  The deal was broken by the war-madness stirred up by the British press in obedience to the financial power after Hitler marched on Poland - and also by pressure from Roosevelt.)

\par Israel and Zionism would be unknown - still a crazy dream in the minds of a few fanatics - and the secret international power of the Zionist conspiracy would not be in existence nor the manifold culture distortions which flow from this disease source into
 all of the western nations.
\par Juvenile delinquency would be uncommon because the youth of America would be filled with patriotism, the natural aftermath of defeat in war, and there would be something to aspire to. Desegregation and the cultural negrification of America would be unknow
\par What would have been the effect of a German victory inside Germany?  It is important to remember that Hitler's ambition stopped in Europe - he would have gone no further.  He would have stopped if for no other reason that he y
earned to build Germany into an architectural paradise.  The result of German victory would have brought a true internationalism of Europe!  The United Europe only dreamed of today would have been a certain result of the war.
\par The important thing to note is that a German victory would have assured that the life-span of the White world would have been extended for many centuries more than now seems likely; indeed, for the "thousand years" promised by Hitler.  --- from American M
ercury, Summer 1973
\par \pard 
\par By the way, the author of this last article is "E.  L.  Anderson, Ph.D.", which is an alias for Carto.  
\par What kind of a man is Willis Carto? You tell me...
\par In 1955 Carto founded Liberty Lobby as a right-wing political pressure group in Washington D.C., and has been running it ever since.
\par The Simon Wiesenthal Center's recent infiltration report has this to say about Carto: 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 Willis Carto is the most influential professional antisemite in the United States.  He is the founder of Liberty Lobby, the Institute for H
istorical Review, the Noontide Press (which distributes a wide range of racist and antisemitic titles), and the Populist Party, whose 1988 Presidential candidate was David Duke.  Carto's name came up in nearly every conversation held between Ron Furey, S.
W.C.  researcher, Richard Eaton, and the neo-Nazis.  Literature produced by the Carto organization is widely read by German's radical right.  In addition, several of those interviewed know Mr.  Carto personally. ({\ul Get} {\ul 
pub/orgs/american/wiesenthal.centre/swc.oprep}) for the full Wiesenthal report on the penetration of Germany's extreme right.)
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\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Diamond tells us that "...Carto had also run an outfit called Liberty and Property, and published a monthly newsletter called 'Right', from 1955 to 1960.  Through 'Right' Carto attempted to link the segregationist Citizen's Councils with the grassroots an
ti-communist groups of the McCarthy era, and with some of the unsuccessful racist splinter parties of the time.  As it grew, the Liberty Lobby would 
later downplay its Klan and neo-Nazi movement connections.  But the pages of 'Right' are a goldmine of evidence on the Lobby's racist origins and agenda.  Carto recommended that his readers join up with George Lincoln Rockwell's American Nazi Party, whose
 leader J.  B. Stoner was convicted for the 1958 Klan bombing of the Bethel Baptist Church in Alabama."
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\b\f5\fs28\kerning28 IHR Publications{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539707}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539784}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541185}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541911}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par The IHR publishes an unreviewed "journal," "The Journal of Historical Review," as well as "The IHR Newsletter," and an "IHR Update."
\par D
an Gannon, the owner-operator of the Portland, Oregon, bulletin board system known as "banished.uucp," published articles from Carto's organization on a regular basis, presumably as a public service to those wishing to obtain a more accurate understanding
 of the true nature of Carto and his associates.  Many of these documents are archived by {\b}
, and thus available for anonymous retrieval. (Mr. Gannon's computer system offers its users a steady  diet of anti-Semitic and racist material; Gannon is an eager campaigner for Mr. Carto's anti-Semitic agenda.)
\par Why did Gannon do it, when he knew from past experience, both on UseNet and GEnie, that he would be laughed at and hated for doing so? Martinez provided the answer during a discussion of free speech issues in general, and the Alan Berg show in particular:

\par \pard \li720\ri720 Alan Berg gave huge amounts of air time to racists so that he could satisfy his ego by responding to them and ridiculing them.  The racists know they will be ridiculed when they go on such pr
ograms, and assume they will be despised by more than 99 percent of the people who hear them spout their venom.  But none of that is of any matter to them.  The fraction of 1 percent is.  There they will find the malcontents, the embittered, the bigots, a
nd the sincerely concerned but ignorant people like I was.  The numbers are in their favor, and they know it.  Snyder's program [Tom Snyder interviewed David Duke on television, and seeing that show led Martinez into the supremacist camp.  knm] may have r
eached 2 million listeners; if only one-tenth of 1 percent of them respond favorably, they have recruited 2,000 people, no doubt swelling the ranks of their group ten- or twenty-fold.  One hundredth of 1 percent would make them happy. ({\i Martinez}
, 242) 
\par \pard 
\par A parting comment or two regarding Mr. Gannon, from those he most admires:
\par Prince Otto von Bismark, a member of the great chancellor's family, characterized Ribbentrop as 'such an imbecile he is a freak of nature.' The French ambassador remarked: 'I could not 
talk to Ribbentrop; he listened only to himself.' Goering referred to him as 'Germany's number-one parrot,' because of his endless repetition of meaningless claptrap." ({\i Conot, Robert E.  Justice at Nuremberg}. New York: Harper & Row, 1983, 52-53)

\par One can only wonder how these folks would have viewed Mr. Gannon...
\par IHR publications posted to UseNet newsgroups are archived on {\b}, and are available to the public via anonymous ftp. In general, the filename reflects the source of the article:
\par IHR
 newsletters are prefaced with IHR, while JHR files are prefaced with JHR.  The file extensions reflect either the month and year of publication, plus the volume number (if provided) i.e.  IHR.0492n86 contains material from the April, 1993, newsletter, nu
mber 86, while JHR.v12n4 contains material from the {\i Journal of Historical Review}, volume 12, number 4.  {\i Spotlight} articles use the form "spotlight.mmyy," i.e. "spotlight.0193" contains material from the January, 1993 editions.
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539708}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539785}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541186}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541912}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 3.1\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 Noontide Press
{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539708}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539785}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541186}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541912}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par The publishing
 arm of the IHR and other related organizations,  Noontide Press, which can boast of such titles as "The Protocols of  the Learned Elders of Zion," "The six millions reconsidered" and  "Antizion," The treasurer of its holding company is Carto's wife  and 
until 1981 its firm office manager was one Lewis Brandon. 
\par Noontide Press is owned by the Legion for Survival of Freedom, which is the umbrella corporation under which the IHR itself operates. 
\par Additional titles offered by Noontide press include these gems:
\par "Amendment to the Constitution" (Pace) - a proposal to restrict U.S. citizenship to white people.
\par "Our Nordic Race" (Hoskins) - an "outline (of) present threats to Nordic survival", complete with proposed measures to "protect and preserve the Nordic race."
\par "The Testing of Negro Intelligence" (Osborne & McGurk) - the authors' findings "give little comfort to egalitarians." Those findings are based, of course, on "performance on intelligence tests from 1966-1980." 
\par "For Those Who Cannot Speak" (McLaughlin) - you may have guessed that he's not talking about Holocaust victims.  This book is a "vigorous 'case for the defense' for National Socialist Germany." 
\par "Hitler : the Unknown Artist" (Price) - "What a magnificent production!", gushes the blurb.  "The first comprehensive...  catalog of Hitler's paintings, drawings, sketches, doodles and daydreams." Yes, folks, his daydreams.
\par And don't forget perennial favorites "Hitler at My Side" and "IQ and Racial Differences".  
\par Martinez mentions one more book published by Noontide Press, 'The Road Back,' and notes that it has been used as a textbook for seminars at the Aryan Nations. "It includes an illustrated chapter on methods for mining roads and blowing up bridges."({\i 
Martinez}, 241)
\par Mark Weber, writing in the {\i East Bay Express} ({\ul Get pub/orgs/american/ihr/express.011792}
 for the complete Weber letter, transcribed with permission for release on UseNet), claimed that  Noontide Press and the Institute for Historical Review were "entirely  independent" of the Liberty
 Lobby. This flew in the face of reality,  however, since the business license for both was filed by Carto's wife  Elisabeth, and Carto was listed on the letterhead of the IHR as  "founder." Carto's weekly, {\i The Spotlight}
, regularly promoted  Noontide Press as an integral part of the Liberty Lobby's  "Liberty Library." [Note: Following the ouster of Willis Carto from the IHR in 1994, reportedly at gunpoint, Weber's assertion is finally correct. knm]
\par Carto has apparently lost control of his Noontide Press publishing arm, according to {\i The Dignity} {\i Report}, a publication of the (Portland, Oregon) Coalition for Human Dignity's Research Department. ({\ul Get pub/people/c/carto.willis/carto.005}
 for full details.) This during the same period when Carto was successfully removed from his controlling position at the Institute for Historical Review. Legal maneuvers, however, continue - in October of 1995, Willis Carto filed a document with the Offic
e of the Secretary of State, Corporate Section, which outlined changes to the Legion's charter, and signed the document as the President of the Corporation. (URL {\ul}
 contains legal filings of interest with regard to the legal battle between Willis Carto and Greg Raven.)
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 3.2\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5  {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539709}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539786}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541187}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541913}
The Journal of Historical Review{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539709}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539786}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541187}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541913}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par In a mid-1995 fund-raising letter from the IHR, the authors  suggested that publication of the Journal might be discontinued, due to serious financial problems. How much of this is rhetoric, aimed at picking th
e pockets of supporters, and how much reflects the loss of the Edison millions through the forced ouster of Willis Carto is unknown.
\par In the meantime, Carto's {\i Spotlight} announced (August, 1994) the publication of "{\i The Barnes Review}
," Carto's new Holocaust denial publication, which will compete with the JHR for readers and, of course, money. According to the ADL (ADL Special Report, "{\i Embattled Bigots: A Split in the Ranks of the Holocaust Denial Movement}", p. 5), the {\i 
Spotlight} staff will assist in the production of the {\i Barnes Review}.
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539710}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539787}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541188}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541914}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 3.3\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 The Spotlight
{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539710}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539787}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541188}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541914}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par The Spotlight evolved from the Liberty Lobby's newsletter, "{\i Liberty Letter}," which echoed Willis Carto's earlier anti-Semitic assaults during the period when he controlled "{\i American Mercury}." According to Deborah Lipstadt, 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 "In 1975 the lobby's{\i  Liberty Letter}, whose circulation was more than one-hundred thousand, was subsumed by the {\i Spotlight}
, a tabloid newspaper that regularly featured articles on Bible analysis and the putative efforts of the Council on Foreign R
elations and the Trilateral Commission to dominate the nation. It offered its readers tips on avoiding taxes and fighting the IRS. The paper attacked Martin Luther King, Jr., as a Communist and praised members of the Ku Klux Klan. It has memorialized Gord
on Kahl, the leader of the right-wing-extremist group Posse Comitatus, who killed three [US] federal marshals and wounded a number of others before he was killed in 1983 in a shoot-out with federal agents." ({\i Lipstadt}, 150)
\par \pard 
\par Lipstadt offers information which suggests that {\i Spotlight's} standards for journalistic integrity leave something to be desired:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 "...In 1979 {\i Spotlight's}
 lead article described how a global elite planned to topple world governments. The paper claimed that its reporter had attended an international conference in Austria at which such plans were discussed. In truth, no one from the {\i Spotlight}
 attended this legitimate conference, and the reporter who wrote the story admitted to falsifying it." ({\i Lipstadt}, 150)
\par \pard    
\par Lipstadt goes on to explain that the primary focus of {\i Spotlight's}
 attention lies in exposing what it calls the "Jew-Zionist" international bankers' conspiracy, aimed at Americans, and the "Holocaust Hoax," which it maintains is an integral part of this vast conspiracy. Holocaust denial "has also become a regular staple
." ({\i Ibid.,} 150) 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 "The nature of {\i Spotlight's} readership can be gauged to some degree by the contents of its classified advertising section. There are ads for poetry, laetrile prescriptions, dating services for patriotic Chr
istians, and devices for dramatically increasing a car's gasoline mileage (these devices have supposedly been kept off the market in a conspiracy against the American consumer). In addition, its classified section regularly offers Nazi paraphernalia, gun 
silencer parts, bullet-proof vests, clandestine mail drops, and instructions for manufacturing false identification." ({\i Ibid.,} 151)
\par \pard 
\par The masthead of the May 3, 1993 edition of {\i The Spotlight} lists Robert Weems with the Southern Bureau.  Weems is a former KKK leader and founding chairman of the PAC (see Section 4.2).
\par The Canadian representation on the international bureau is Ron Gostick. Gostick controls the "Freedom Council of Canada," along with Patrick Walsh, both of whom are described as officers of the anti-Semitic (and non-governmental) "Canadian Intelligence Se
rvice." Walsh is said to be the "Canadian correspondent of the Liberty Lobby," although I am uncertain as to what this refers to. ({\i Anderson}, 154)
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539711}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539788}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541189}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541915}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 3.4\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 
IHR/JHR Editorial Advisory Staff & Writers{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539711}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539788}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541189}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541915}
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.1\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Andrew Arnold
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par No information available as of this date. "Andrew Arnold" was the author of a recent (April 1993) Spotlight article attacking the Museum of the Holocaust, in Washington, D.C. No biographical information was provided with the article. ({\ul 
get pub/orgs/american/ihr/spotlight.0493}  to see the entire article, as posted to UseNet by Dan Gannon.)
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.2\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Dr. Robert Faurisson
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Faurisson, a former French academic, contends that the Holocaust was a hoax which benefits Israel in the form of reparation payments, ({\i Barrett},
 162) a view commonly aired by those espousing Holocaust denial. Seidel provides excellent background material:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 In November 1978 Robert Faurisson wrote a letter on the 'problem' of the gas chambers.  Its timing was important.  Its publication in {\i Le Monde}
 followed close on the heels of a scandalous interview with Darquier de Pellepoix in the weekly magazine, {\i L'Express}
.  Darquier was the Vichy Commissioner General for Jewish Affairs. Darquier has been described as the 'French Eichmann'--though even Eichmann, the architect of the 'Final Solution', did not seek to deny its reality. ...
\par The Holocaust denial in France has become synonymous with the Faurisson affair.  What is more, it has become embroiled with Noam Chomsky, the distinguished American linguist and staunch opponent of the Vietnam war.  ({\ul get} {\ul 
pub/orgs/american/ihr/seidel.001}  for Seidel's discussion of Chomsky's role - it is beyond the scope of this FAQ.  knm)
\par Faurisson's book is entitled {\i Memoire en Defense--contre ceux qui m'accusent de falsifier l'histoire.  La question des chambres a gaz}
 (Testimony in Defence: Against those who Accuse me of Falsifying History.  The Question of the Gas Chambers).  It is Faurisson's answer to the accusation of falsifying history. Testimony in Defence was published in Paris by Pierre Guillaume for the left 
anarchist publishing house, La Vieille Taupe ({\i The Old Mole}), in 1980.  ...
\par \pard 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 Faurisson's denial of the Holocaust first appeared in the satirical Canard Enchaine ["Le Canard Enchaine".knm] on 17 July 1974.  It subseque
ntly gained public attention in December 1978 when the influential Paris daily, Le Monde, published a letter from Faurisson headed 'The problem of the "gas chambers" or "The rumour of Auschwitz"'.  He wrote with calculated cynicism: 'The non-existence of 
the "gas chambers" is good news for poor humanity. Good news like this should not be suppressed any longer.'
\par Robert Faurisson is not a historian.  He belongs to a long line of antisemitic academics and literary critics.  Until recently, he was a lecturer i
n twentieth-century French literature at the University of Lyons II.  He specialises in revealing 'the real meaning' of texts.  In Faurisson's view, texts have one particular meaning, or none at all, an approach to stylistics he calls 'the Ajax method'--b
ecause 'it scours as it cleans as it shines'. ({\i Seidel}, 98-111. Seidel provides extensive information regarding Faurisson's background, writing, and trial. {\ul Get pub/orgs/american/ihr/seidel.001} to review his material.) 
\par \pard 
\par Faurisson has also pronounced the Diar
y of Anne Frank and the Gerstein Report to be "fabrications and falsifications," and asserts that the Holocaust "lie" is essentially "Zionist" in origin, and that it has led to a "huge financial swindle of which the state of Israel is the principal benefi
ciary." It was the widespread publication of this sort of material that led the Dean of Lyons University to suspend Faurisson's lectures. 
\par Faurisson was one of the four members of the IHR advisory board who testified at the trial of Ernst Zundel in Canada.
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.3\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Ditlieb Felderer
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Felderer, testifying at the trial of Ernst Zundel (Canada), explained his conviction on a charge of "threatening or expressing contempt for a group" for publishing a "Jewish Information" tract entitled "Please accept this hair of gas victim," which he des
cribed as satire, by stating that he was being "persecuted by Zionists." (Bilodeau)
\par According to the Toronto Star, "Felderer called his native Sweden a 'totalitarian state' and compared his trial to a 'Soviet show trial,' and "...said Nazi concentration camps were more humane than modern prisons." ({\i Bilodeau})
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.4\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 William Lindsay
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Lindsay was one of the four members of the IHR advisory board who testified at the trial of Ernst Zundel in Canada. ({\i Barrett}, 162) Any additional documented information which we can utilize to augment this section will be appreciated.
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.5\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Theodore O'Keefe
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par In an article published to coincide with the official opening of the Washington, D.C.  Holocaust Museum, one editor is briefly described as follows:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 "Theodore J. O'Kee
fe is an editor with the Institute for Historical Review.  Educated at Harvard University, he has studied history and literature on three continents, and has published numerous articles on historical and political subjects."
\par \pard 
\par According to the 1990 Harvard Alumni Directory, Mr.  O'Keefe failed to graduate, so the reader will have to make his own decision about whether or not he obtained his education there. Additional material would be appreciated.
\par The above "bio" of Mr. O'Keefe would seem to be simply one 
more example of how the IHR can be relied upon to mislead its readers. (We have written to the IHR [April, 1993] and asked for more  informative information regarding Mr. O'Keefe's educational background  and areas of expertise, but no additional informat
ion has been provided.)
\par As of mid-1995, Mr. O'Keefe may have left the IHR.
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.6\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Greg Raven
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Mr. Raven, now the President and CEO of the Legion for the Survival of Freedom, and therefor the IHR itself, offers insight into  his personal political beliefs in this message which he posted during  a GEnie debate into Holocaust denial:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 Category 15,  \tab \tab \tab \tab \tab \tab Topic 4
\par Message 33        \tab \tab \tab \tab \tab Fri Mar 13, 1992
\par G.RAVEN                      \tab \tab \tab \tab at 03:02 EST
\par My only concern is in going after the facts.  As such, I am not interested in defending Adolf Hitler to my dying breath.  I will say, however, that he was a great man ... certainly greater than Churchill and FDR put together, and possibly the greatest lea
der of our century, if not longer. This is not to say that he was perfect, but he about the best thing that could have happened to Germany.
\par \pard 
\par (Other examples of Mr. Raven's historical beliefs may be found within the IHR archives here - his writing may be found in the directory {\ul pub/people/r/raven.greg} at
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.7\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Henri Roques
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par Roques...wrote a thesis titled 'Confessions of Kurt Gerstein: A Comparative Study of Different Versions - A Critique.'..[he] claims in his thesis to have 'scientifically' disproved that the gas chambers at Auschwitz were used for mass murder. A
fter submitting his 'revisionist' thesis to the University of Paris, where it was rejected, he received his doctorate with distinction from the faculty of letters of the University of Nantes.
\par A government investigation into the granting of his degree revealed a number of irregularities:
\par \pard \li1440\ri720 First, Roques transferred from the University of Paris to Nantes...three months after the deadline for student enrollment had passed and without authorization from the University rector. Second, he did not have the necessa
ry qualifications or title for presenting a thesis in literature or history. Third, the mandatory oral examination did not take place. Fourth, he wrote the thesis in two months rather than the two years required minimum registration period. Finally, the s
ignature of one of the examiners said to have been present at the presentation of the thesis was forged.
\par \pard \li1440 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 In 1986, the French Minister of Higher Education... invalidated Roque's thesis citing the above irregularities....
\par Since 1986, Roques has established 
close ties to the IHR. He was a guest speaker at their Eighth Annual Conference in 1987, and joined their Editorial Advisory Committee in 1990. IHR now offers Roque's discredited thesis for sale on its mail-order booklists." ({\i Caplan}, 43-44)
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.8\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Udo Walendy
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par    Udo Walendy was described in the Simon Wiesenthal Center infiltration
\par    report as follows:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 Udo Walendy is a notorious Holocaust denier who, for years, has served on the advisory board of the Journal of Historical Review, the official publication of the 
Institute for Historical Review of Costa Mesa, California. (see entries for Mark Weber and Willis Carto)  ...Walendy expressed interest in ... offering his assistance in the creation of a Nazi center in Germany.  
\par {\pntext\pard\plain\b 3.4.9\tab}\pard\plain \s3\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl3\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxtb .}}\b\f4 Mark Weber
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par In response to my query, the IHR provided the following background information concerning Mr. Weber:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 Mark Weber was born in October 1951 in Portland, Oregon, where he was also raised. He graduated from Jesuit High School there in 1969.
\par He studied at the University of Illinois (Chicago), the University of Munich (Germany), and Portland State University, from where he received a Bachelor\rquote 
s degree in history (with high honors).  He then did graduate work in history at Indiana University (Bloomington), where he served as a history instructor and received a Master of Arts degree in European history in 1977.
\par He has traveled widely in Europe and northwestern Africa. He lived and worked for two and a half years in Germany (Bonn and Munich), and for a time in Ghana (West Africa), where he taught English, history and geography at an all-Black secondary school.

\par During the five years he lived in Washington, D.C. (1978-1983) he carried out extensive research on the Holocaust issue at the National Archives and the Library of Congress. Weber is the author of numerous articles, reviews and essays dealing with the Hol
ocaust story, and his writings on other historical, political and social issues have appeared in a variety of periodicals.
\par In March 1988 Weber testified for five days in Toronto District Court as a recognized expert witness on the "Final Solution" and the Holocaust issue.
\par He moved to Southern California at the beginning of 1991 to work for the Institute for Historical Review. He is now editor of the 'Journal of Historical Review,' published six times years [sic] by the IHR.
\par \pard 
\par Mark Weber serves as Carto's pipeline to the German paleo-nazis, as was conclusively demonstrated by the Simon Wiesenthal Center's recent penetration of the German right. Here's what the infiltration report has to say about Mr. Weber's Nazi connections:

\par \pard \li720\ri720 
Mark Weber works for the Institute for Historical Review (Costa Mesa, California), one of several antisemitic organizations founded by Willis A.  Carto.  The I.H.R.  devotes most of its time to spreading the bizarre notion that the Holocaust is wildly exa
ggerated and that the gas chambers of Hitler's death camps are a myth.  In 1978, Weber was identified as the news editor of the National Vanguard, the publication of William Pierce's neo-Nazi group, the National Alliance.
\par Weber's name came up in several conversations with German neo-Nazis, including Wolfgang Kempkens and Roy Godenau.  As part of Ron Furey's cover, a "cold" phone line at the Simon Wiesenthal Center was attached to an answering machine informing the caller t
hat he/she had reached The Right Way.  That phone number was known only to the Center's senior research staff, Ron Furey, and the neo-Nazis to whom it was given.
\par At 2:55pm on Friday, February 12, 1993, a man identifying himself as Mark Weber called the 
number, requested a copy of The Right Way, and left his P.O.B.  address for mailing.  The Center's graphics department sent him a colorful subscription application for the non-existent periodical, instead.  This was apparently enough to satisfy Mr. Weber'
s curiosity because he soon acceded to Ron's request for a meeting.
\par That meeting took place on February 27, 1993 at the Cafe Westminster in Westminster, California.  It was filmed by a CBS camera crew stationed in a van outside.  Mr. Furey spoke to Mark We
ber at length about the "state of the movement" in Germany.  To help establish his credibility, he showed Weber several photos picturing him and several German neo-Nazis together.  Weber correctly identified them all.
\par Weber soon felt comfortable enough to discuss the miserliness of his current employer and to ask about the possibility of finding work with The Right Way.  He was also recommended by Reinhard Kopps (see entry) to Richard Eaton for a separate project.

\par \pard    
\par (Chana Braun)
 provided us with an interesting glance into Mark Weber's intregity when she wrote <> that "...I have excellent evidence that Mark Weber colors the truth (to put it mildly) in regards to debates," and then went on to detail a series of
 exchanges between a Holocaust denier and others on another computer network.
\par Her article outlined the exchange dealing with Mark Weber's being invited to join in the debate, and Mr.  Weber's demand that she (Chana Braun) not "bring in any outside help" in
 her debate with him. (Mr. Weber, quite clearly, was not the least bit interested in an open and comprehensive debate on a public computer network.) ({\ul get} {\ul pub/people/w/weber.mark/webers.feet} for the full text of Chana's  article.)
\par As Chana explains: 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 
There was absolutely no response to that reply and nothing more was heard concerning the possibility of an open discussion on that network until the February 1992 issue of the IHR Newsletter.  Here, then is the way that it was reported (and keep in mind t
hat Mark Weber is the editor of the Newsletter).
\par "In the January Newsletter I told about an IHR activist who had received a challenge to publicly debate the Holocaust on [the network] open forum bulletin board computer service - the largest interactive computer network.  
\par ...After we promptly offered Mark Weber to represent that Revisionist [sic] side, XXX suddenly flip-flopped.  Deciding that she is not a 'scholar' after all, but merely an 'amateur,' she  complained that it would be 'unfair' for her to have t
o face a professional historian." 
\par ----------- 
\par The plot in this story thickens.  The one opposing the Holocaust Deniers on that network wrote a letter to the editor of the Newsletter (i.e.  Mark Weber).  Since the IHR is such a staunch champion of Freedom of Speech, it seems strange that 3 months late
r, that letter has still not received a reply much less been printed in the IHR Newsletter.  
\par Here, then, is the letter that the IHR Newsletter refuses to print or even acknowledge: 
\par \pard \qc\li720\ri720 February 27, 1992
\par \pard \li720\ri720 
\par Mark Weber, Editor 
\par IHR Newsletter 
\par Institute of Historical Review
\par 1822 1/2 Newport Blvd. Suite 191 
\par Costa Mesa, CA 92627 
\par Dear Mr.Weber: 
\par I read with interest the article in your {\i IHR Newsletter #85}
 February 1992 concerning [the network] and me.  This is truly a work of revisionism (e.g.  distorting the facts to fit into your personal view of the world) and, since those connected with the IHR claim that they are eager to be taken seriously, it is su
rprising that I was not contacted for comment before you went to press.  
\par Let's get the facts straight.  Your "IHR activist" was posting messages denying the Holocaust.  I responded.  He claimed that no one was willing to debate the Holocaust.  This, of course, is absurd.  I told him that he could name his sources and begin. He
 posted a message about The Leuchter Report.  I rebutted his erroneous statements.  (By the way, I don't believe he has read the report.  You might want to check on that before you encourage his "activism" too much.) He then suddenly claimed 
on the public board that he didn't have time to debate and he was trying to get someone online from the IHR.  I responded by telling him that everyone was welcome.  That is when he contacted you and you agreed to come online.
\par What your "IHR activist" presented to me were a set of ridiculous conditions.  They included that the debate take place only between you and me and that it be advertized on [the network].  I was told to contact the "Arts Club Leader" to urge her to agree.
  First, [the Arts Club Leader
] doesn't have the authority to grant such requests.  Even if she did, as I told your "activist," there are no precedents to such a closed debate on Prodigy and that involving the Arts Club Leader might even be counter-productive.  My reasoning was this: 
"In fact, involving the Arts Club leader might be counter-productive in that it calls attention to this single debate and, if it ever begins, our messages might undergo closer scrutiny by the censors.  I don't think either of us wants that." In fact, sinc
e you are such a champion for "open debate," I was very surprised that you wished for this one to be closed to others.  
\par One of the amusing requirements for your participation in the debate was an agreement by me that I would have no outside help (whatever that means).  This amusement I expressed to your "activist" in the following quote: "I am an amateur (i.e.  I don't get
 paid by anyone to research the Holocaust, I am not employed by anyone or any organization that has an interest in the Holocaust and/or H
olocaust Denial, etc.).  You have presented yourself in the same manner.  Mr.  Weber, I think you would agree, is a professional.  There is no prohibition against him joining the discussion but I do think it odd that you ask that I not ask for any outside
 help when you are bringing in a professional." 
\par If you notice, I claim amateur status because I don't get paid - not because I am not a "scholar" or because it would be "unfair" for me to have to debate a professional.  Yet, you are apparently so frighten
ed of debating in a situation where you cannot control all the factors that I heard nothing else from you or your "activist." Please notice, I did not say I wouldn't agree to your terms regarding outside help.  I only said that I found it "odd" that a pro
fessional would insist on such a term before debating an amateur.  
\par However, the greatest part of your article had to be the sub-headline of "Another Anti-Revisionist Gets Cold Feet." I assure you, Mr.  Weber, that my feet are toasty warm.  In fact, I clos
ed my message to your "activist" with the following: "I guess the main question is: Do you and Mr.  Weber desire to have an open discussion or not?  If so, post a message (either on your own or one on behalf of Mr.  Weber).  That is the manner in which al
l other discussions are initiated on [the network] and I don't see any need to make an exception for this one." 
\par I am still waiting for an answer to that question.  What temperature are your feet, Mr.  Weber?  
\par                                                         \tab \tab Sincerely, 
\par                                                         \tab \tab 
\par \pard 
\par Mr. Weber, to our knowledge, has still not either printed the above letter in the "open" IHR Newsletter or responded privately to Ms. Braun. Given that more than a year has passed, it would seem that Mr. Weber's feet are rather chilly indeed.
\par In an article published in the Express, a San Francisco Bay Area weekly newspaper, Paul Rauber included the following comments about Mark Weber:
\par \pard \li720\ri720 The question [of whether the IHR denies the Holocaust] appears to turn on IHR's Humpty-Dumpty word game with the word Holocaust. According to Mark Weber, associate editor of the IHR's {\i Journal of Historical Review}
, "If by the `Holocaust' you mean the political persecution of Jews, some scattered killings, if you mean a cruel thing that happened, no one denies that.  But if one says that the `Holocaust' means the systematic extermination of six to eight millions Je
ws in concentration camps, that's what we think there's not evidence for." That is, IHR doesn't deny that the Holocaust happened; they just deny that the word "Holocaust" means what people customarily use it for.  ({\i Rauber}, 'Sticks') 
\par Weber's claim for the "independence" of the IHR is marked by the same disingenuousness that characterizes that institutes scholarship.  In 1980 the business license for "The Noontide Press/Institute for Historical Review" was filed by Elisabeth Carto, wif
e of Liberty Lobby founder and treasurer Willis Carto. Carto himself is listed on IHR's let
terhead as "founder." IHR's activities are regularly promoted in the Spotlight, as are the racist and anti-Semitic books by Noontide Press, which are  advertised as part of the Lobby's "Liberty Library." ({\i Ibid.}, 'Response') 
\par \pard \li720 
\par \pard According to the July, 1995, "IHR Update," Mr. Weber is now the IHR Director. He is also listed in a July 1995 legal document as the Secretary of the Legion for the Survival of Freedom.
\par \pard \ri720 
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539712}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539789}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541190}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541916}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\f5\fs28\kerning28 4.\tab}\pard\plain \s1\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl1\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 {\pntxta .}}
\b\f5\fs28\kerning28 Political Organizations & Activities{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539712}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539789}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541190}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541916}
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539713}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539790}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541191}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541917}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 4.1\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 
National Youth Alliance{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539713}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539790}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541191}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541917}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par In his book "Brotherhood of Murder," 
Martinez mentions the National Youth Alliance, which had its beginnings as "Youth for Wallace," and was formed during the Wallace Presidential campaign of 1968.  He notes that Dr. William Pierce, whom he describes as a "Nazi," along with several founders 
of George Lincoln Rockwell's National Socialist White People's Party, joined the organization in the late Sixties.
\par The information he provides which relates to Carto's involvement in this group is sketchy, to say the least: 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 The behind-the-scenes power in
 the NYA was Willis Carto, head of the far right-wing, Washington, D.C.-based Liberty Lobby, publisher of an anti-Zionist magazine called 'Spotlight' and also publisher of a book that teaches terrorist urban warfare tactics.
\par \pard 
\par Martinez continues with "After wresting control of the group from Carto..." and no further references are to be found. ({\i Martinez}, 33)
\par The neo-Nazi group The National Alliance grew out of "The National  Youth Alliance," and is now controlled by Dr. William Pierce.
\par I would appreciat
e receiving any additional, documented, information regarding Carto's involvement with this group, and invite your contributions. ("Brotherhood of Murder" tells of Martinez' involvement with The Order, the neo-nazi organization responsible for the murder 
of Denver talk-show host Alen Berg and others.)
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539714}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539791}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541192}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541918}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 4.2\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 
The Populist Action Committee (Richard Hatch, May, 1993){\*\bkmkend _Toc361539714}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539791}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541192}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541918}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par In 1991, the Populist Action Committee (PAC) was "formally launched by the Liberty Lobby, the Washington-based populist institution that publishes {\i The Spotlight}." ({\i Spotlight}, 6-3-91, 1) The PAC is intimately tied to {\i The Spotlight}
, which is "a prime mover behind the PAC." ({\i Spotlight}
, 9-9-91, A-3) Unlike conventional political action committees, the PAC will not give money directly to candidates for office, but rather will "promote and publicize populist candidates, urging patriots to make direct contributions to these candidates." (
{\i Ibid.}) 
\par \pard \qc The Kick-Off 
\par \pard 
\par The featured speaker at the kick-off meeting was "English populist" John Tyndall of the British National Party.  ({\i Spotlight}
, 6-3-91, 1) Tyndall is a British "former" National Socialist who has been quoted as saying "The Jew is like a maggot feeding on a body in an advanced state of decay." ({\i Knight}
, 47) The selection of Tyndall as featured speaker for the founding meeting is an indication of the political direction of the Populist Action Committee.  Tyndall was a founder of the British National Party in 1960.  ({\i Hill}
) The original BNP was "pro-nazi and anti-semitic" and later merged with other far-right groups to form the National Front in 1967.  The NF promoted the exclusion of non-whites from England.  ({\i Fielding}, 67-68)
\par Tyndall resurrected the old BNP name when he founded a new party after the collapse of the National Front.  As noted in a "{\i Spotlight}" interview, the BNP publishes {\i British Nationalist} and {\i Spearhead}. ({\i Spotlight}
, 6-24-91, 16-17) The name "{\i Spearhead}" is a throwback to the paramilitary organization in which Tyndall was active during the original BNP days.  Tyndall, who sported Nazi-style stormtroo
per attire in those days, was "gaoled" for his involvement in this paramilitary group.  ({\i Hill}, 61) 
\par \pard \qc Promoting "Populist Candidates"
\par \pard 
\par According to Liberty Lobby founder Willis Carto, the PAC "will be promoting populist candidates." ({\i Spotlight}, 6-10-91, 11) The PAC does this in part by publicizing the activities of such candidates in the "{\i Spotlight}".  
\par In one such case, the {\i "Spotlight"} directed readers to Joe Fields who in 1992 was running for a California State legislature seat under the banner of the Amer
ican Independent Party.  Fields is a notorious far-right activist from Southern California who in 1987 "identified himself to reporters as a member of the National Socialist American Workers Party." ({\i Los Angeles Times} March 11, 1988, 30, section 1) 

\par Art Jones was singled out for publicity in a special PAC "wrap" addition to the {\i Spotlight}.  ({\i Spotlight}
, 3-9-92, A-2) The PAC identified Jones as one of "seven viable candidates for public office who are dedicated to the principles of populism...With your help, 
there is a chance to elect candidates unbeholden to special interests now plunging our country into ruin." Apparently, this was as far as the PAC could go, since the special PAC "wrap" noted that the "Populist Action Committee is a research and education 
entity not registered with the Federal Election Committee and does not endorse any candidate." ({\i Spotlight}, 3-9-92, A2) An earlier PAC report in the "Spotlight" described Art Jones as a candidate who "puts America first." "{\i Spotlight}
" went on to note that "Jones has been connected to far-right nationalist groups in the Chicago area by the local media." ({\i Spotlight}, 2-24-92, 7) 
\par In fact, local media reports had identified Jones as a leader in the American Nazi Party.  (Chicago Tribune 1-20-89, 3) Jones was active in overt Nazi agitation as far back as 1979, when he was photographed at a Chicago rally wearing the swastika armband.
  He later became briefly involved with Civilian Military Assistance (CMA).  CMA was part of the "private" support network for Reagan's contra war in Nicaragua.  ({\i Bellant}
, 120-122) In 1989, Jones was vice chairman of the American Nazi Party.  He achieved some notoriety when he was photographed shaking hands with David Duke during Duke's run for governor of Louisiana.  Even Duke, attempting to shake off his own past, calle
d Jones a "Nazi kook." ({\i Rose}, 64) 
\par \pard \qc Populist Personnel 
\par \pard 
\par The make-up of the advisory board of the PAC gives an idea of why such "populist candidates" would be promoted by the PAC.  The members (and their descriptions) as of March 9, 1992 included: 
\par \pard \li720 Abe Lincoln Austin (Monetary Scientist)
\par Mike Blair (Investigative Reporter) 
\par Ken Bohnsack (Founder, Sovereignty) 
\par Robert Brock (Black Nationalist) 
\par Howard Carson (Publishing Consultant) 
\par Capt. G. Russel Evans (Historian) 
\par Lt. Col. James (Bo) Gritz (US Army, ret.) 
\par Dr. Martin A. Larson (Author)
\par Roger Lourie (President, Devin-Adair publishing) 
\par Donald A. MacPherson (Constitutional Attorney) 
\par Pauline Mackey (Treasurer, ret. David Duke for President) 
\par Tom McIntyre (Former Chairman, Populist Party) 
\par Eustace Mullins (Author) 
\par John Nugent (Financial Consultant)
\par Lawrence Patterson (Editor & Publisher, Criminal Politics) 
\par Col. L. Fletcher Prouty (US Air Force, ret.) 
\par John Rakus (President, National Justice Foundation) 
\par John Rarick (Former Congressman, D-Louisiana)
\par Vince Ryan (Editor, The Spotlight) 
\par Sherman Skolnick (Chairman, Committee to Clean Up the Courts) 
\par Maj. James H. Townsend, Ret. (Editor & Publisher, The National Educator) 
\par James P. Tucker (President, National Media Services) 
\par Tom Valentine (Host, Radio Free America) 
\par Raymond E.  Walk (President, Rayan Associates, Inc.) 
\par Robert Weems (Founding Chairman, Populist Party) 
\par \pard 
\par Some biographies may be useful in illustrating the caliber of advisors to the PAC...  
\par Mike Blair ("Investigative reporter") is a long-time reporter for {\i Spotlight}.
\par Robert Brock is a "black nationalist" who promotes the repatriation of Black Americans and supports the so-called Pace Amendment to that end.  This amendment would cause untold upheaval as it calls for 
the compulsory repatriation of most minorities in a period of one year. The Pace Amendment would establish mechanisms by which one's race would be judged by "a combination of blood type, ancestry, and appearance." ({\i Aho}, 261-263) 
\par Brock's unusual sense of humor was revealed in a surprise appearance at Pete Peters Identity Christian camp in 1988.  Brock entered the meeting hall dressed in a KKK robe and revealed himself, at the podium, no doubt to hearty guffaws.  ({\i 
Scriptures, Vol. V} <1988>, 20)  Brock also organized a 1992 Holocaust revisionist "First Amendment" conference in Southern California ({\i Los Angeles Times}
 2-2-92, 1, part B) Institute for Historical Review regular Mark Weber spoke, as did Joe Fields, now with the Populist Party, and his Afrikaner-born wife Dee Fields.  Joe proclaimed his belief in "the purity of the races...  and the desirability of segreg
\par "Bo" Gritz was "featured at two Liberty Lobby conventions in 1987 and 1990." ({\i Spotlight}, 10-26-92, 5) Gritz is a regular on the Christian 
Identity/Patriot/Liberty Lobby circuit.  Rudy Proctor, who Gritz met while attending one of Pastor Pete Peters' Christian Identity camps, paid for tapes and press releases to be sent to radio stations as part of Gritz Khun Sa publicity campaign. ({\i 
Gritz}, 485-486) 
\par Gritz has also worked with another prominent Christian Identity activist, Richard Flowers, of Boring, Oregon.  Flowers heads up the Christian Patriot Association (CPA), which publishes "The Patriot Review" and sponsored a Gritz campaign trip to Or
egon.  Flowers believes that "Blacks in general have a lower IQ than whites, and most just want to come in and take over without establishing anything themselves." ({\i The Clackamas County Review}, week ending June 3, 1992, 1-2) 
\par The CPA distributes an array of literature and audio/video tapes through their 76-page book Catalog.  (CPA Book Publisher Book Catalog 1992-1993) There are whole sections devoted to "Christianity - Race - Religion" and "The Jewish Issue." Audio tapes by o
ld stand-bys of the Posse Comitatus movement, such as James Wickstrom, are available. (See {\i Ridgeway, James.  Blood in the Face}.  Thunder's Mouth Press, 1990, 133 for an example of a Wickstrom tape message) 
\par Holocaust revisionists are well represented with tapes by David Irving and books by Arthur Butz and Austin App.  Gritz has had a direct working relationship with the CPA through the National Coalition to Reform Money and Taxes (NCRMT.) Gritz's Center for 
Action and the CPA, as well as a number of other "patriot" organizations are al
lied in this project to repeal income tax, return to the use of gold and silver, etc...  The January 1992 edition of "The Petitioner" newsletter, which reports on the activities of the coalition, approvingly interviewed Gritz and his campaign manager Char
lie Brown and reported on Gritz's participation in the coalition. Gritz also participated in at least one Patterson Strategy conference in October 1991 (See entry for Patterson, below) ({\i Criminal Politics}, July 1991, 29) 
\par Martin Larson's column appears prac
tically every week in the "Spotlight." Larson writes primarily on economic matters, but manages to throw in enough other tidbits to make things interesting.  For example, he feels that "the powers that be are doing everything they can to encourage breedin
g among welfare recipients." ({\i Spotlight}, 3-9-92, 18) 
\par Roger Lourie's Devin-Adair company is a long-time source of right-wing publications.  In addition, "Devin-Adair and Regnery published the greater part of those World War II revisionist studies which fau
lted the Roosevelt administration for intervening against the Axis powers." ({\i Mintz}, 48) 
\par Tom McIntyre was chairman of the Populist Party when they nominated "former" Klansman David Duke as their Presidential candidate in 1988. (Gritz was nominated to run as Vice Presidential candidate--see above for Gritz.) ({\i Spotlight}, 3-28-88, 4) 

\par Eustace Mullins is the author of the virulently anti-Jewish book "The Biological Jew" (Faith and Service Books, Stauton, VA, 1968). Mullins, in this lengthy comparison of Jews with biological parasites, wrote: 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 The Jew has always functioned best as a panderer, a pornographer, a master of prostitution, an enemy of the prevailing sexual standards and prohibitions of the gentile community....  
\par We must remember that there is no Jewish crime per se, since the existence of the Jewish parasite on the host is a crime against nature, because its existence imperils the health and life of the host...  
\par This religious ceremony of drinking the blood of an innocent  gentile child is basic to the Jew's entire concept of his  existence as a parasite, living off the blood of the host...  
\par The Jews do not want anyone to know what Nazism is.  Nazism is simply this -- a proposal that the German people rid themselves of the parasitic Jews.  The gentile host dared to protest against the continued presence of the parasite, and attempted to throw
 it off. It was an ineffectual reaction, because it was emotional and ill-informed...  
\par \pard 
\par Mullins' writings are a standby on the Klan/neo-Nazi circuit.  A rec
ent Sons of Liberty book list included Mullins titles such as "Jewish TV: Sick, Sick, Sick," "The Jewish War Against the Christian World," and "Easter," which the catalog tells us give a "look at the 5,000 years of history in the ongoing war between the S
atanic-Jewish forces and their Babylonian religious system and the rest of humanity." ({\i Sons of Liberty Fall 1992 catalog}, New Christian Crusade Church) 
\par Lawrence Patterson addressed the national committee of the Populist Party in 1988 when they gathered fo
r the David Duke nomination. Patterson's "Criminal Politics" newsletter carries warnings of a "Zionist Trilateral Party" conspiracy to merge the United States, the USSR, and Europe.  This conspiracy is "anti-American, anti-religious, atheistic, anti-Chris
tian, anti-Catholic, and anti- Protestant." ({\i Criminal}
, 07/91, 6) Patterson's newsletter, which went for $15 an issue in 1991, listed Eustace Mullins (see above) as contributing editor.  Eric Butler and Ivor Benson were listed as correspondents.  Butler has 
been a long time leader of the Australian League of Rights and is "considered a mentor by active racists and anti-semites throughout the English-speaking world." ({\i Knight}
, 23) Similarly, Benson -- Information Advisor to the former Rhodesian government -- was a staunch supporter of apartheid in South Africa. ({\i Ibid}, 153) 
\par Pauline Mackey is another veteran of the David Duke campaign.  
\par Col. L. Fletcher Prouty has maintained a strong relationship with the Liberty Lobby for years.  During the lengthy legal batt
les surrounding the Mermelstein lawsuits against the Liberty Lobby and Willis A. Carto, Prouty and fellow PAC advisory board member Lt. Col. James "Bo" Gritz were "prepared to testify as character witnesses on behalf of Liberty Lobby founder Willis A. Car
to." ({\i Spotlight}, 10-7-91, 12) 
\par Prouty has been a guest on the Liberty Lobby sponsored Radio Free America program dozens of times.  (I understand that the Pacifica Radio folks also broadcasts a syndicated "Radio Free America" program, which should not be co
nfused with this one.) Prouty was a featured speaker at the 35th Liberty Lobby Board of Policy convention were he said "If anybody really wants to know what's going on in the world today, he should be reading {\i Spotlight}
" and explained that "one of the first enemies we have in this country is usury".  ({\i Spotlight}, 10-8-90, 14) 
\par John Rarick has been "a willing enough ally of the Liberty Lobby" for years. (Mintz, 155) Rarick was a prominent activist in the segregationist white Citizens Councils.
\par Robert Weems was the founding chairman of the Populist Party.  Weems was a "voting member of party's national executive committee" in 1988, when the party nominated David Duke.  ({\i Spotlight}
, 3-28-88, 4) Also the founding national chairman of the PAC, Weems was a Mississippi KKK leader.  ({\i Ridgeway}, 131) 
\par Weems was scheduled to speak in July 1991 at the "First National Identity Christian Conference in Reidsville, North Carolina.  His topic was "Internationalism and How it Relates to Race, Nation, and Faith." Other speakers
 at the conference included Eustace Mullins and Lt.  Col.  James "Bo" Gritz.  The promotional materials for this conference included advertisements for books such as "Our Nordic Race," "White Race--True People of Israel," and "God's Call to Race." (Confer
ence mailing, June 1991) 
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\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par [Work in progress]
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\b\f5\fs28\kerning28 IHR Investigates Conference Attendees{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539716}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539793}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541194}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541920}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par The nature of the IHR can clearly be seen from the application it used for its 10th.  "International Revisionist Conference", which required "Those who h
ave not been an attendee at a previous IHR conference" to provide the names of the conference speakers, if any, "or others you may know will be attending" as personal references.  If none of the speakers would vouch for you, you were required to provide "
two personal references with daytime phone numbers" to permit background investigation before permitting those wishing to attend to do so.
\par Has anyone here ever been to a convention of any scientific, medical, historical or academic organization and been re
quired to have someone "vouch" for you before you could attend?  Clearly the IHR's interest in "open debate" isn't genuine, given their obvious reluctance to permit it at their own conventions! ({\ul get pub/orgs/american/ihr/ihr.applicant})
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\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par The following extract was published anonymously to alt.revisionism in February, 1994. It indicates that Willis Carto has been purged from the IHR - the Coalition for Human Dignity's Research Department (Portland, Oregon) offered additional information in 
its March 1, 1994 Dignity Report. ({\ul Get pub/people/c/carto.willis/ carto.005} for the article.)
\par From {\i The Journal of Historical Review}, Nov/Dec 1993, pg 25:
\par \pard \qc\li720 WILLIS CARTO AND THE IHR
\par \pard 
\par \pard \li720\ri720 Willis Carto is perhaps best known as the founder and director of Liberty Lobby, an organization based in Washington, DC that publishes a weekly tabloid paper, {\i The Spotlight}
.  Carto has also been affiliated with the Institute for Historical Review since its founding in 1978.  As those who have attended recent IHR conferences know, the IHR st
aff acknowledges the many hours of volunteer help that he and his wife Elisabeth have contributed over the years. 
\par Neither, however, contributed financially to the IHR.  Neither was involved in the IHR's day to day operations, nor was either ever a paid employee.  Willis Carto did, however, occasionally act as an "agent" for the Institute and its non-profit corporate 
parent, the "Legion for the Survival of Freedom, Inc."
\par During the past several months, facts have come to light to persuade the IHR senior s
taff that Carto's relationship with the IHR had become a liability.  After much careful deliberation, and on advice of legal counsel, the Institute resolved to terminate this relationship.  Accordingly, the corporate Board of Directors, meeting on Septemb
er 25, voted unanimously to end its relationship with the Cartos.  This decision has the full support of the IHR staff, including Director Tom Marcellus* and editors Mark Weber, Theodore O'Keefe and Greg Raven.
\par \pard 
\par * Mr. Marcellus has since left the IHR to pursue other interests, including the Church of Scientology.
\par Tom Martinez provides us with a fitting epilog to this document in one of the final chapters of "Brotherhood of Murder":
\par \pard \li720\ri720 
"[A] ... self-depreciating logic is displayed when the Neo-Nazis and their allies claim that the Holocaust never occurred. In order to do that, they have to deny that their hero Hitler, with whose anti-Semitism they are in agreement, ever intended to harm
 the Jews. Instead, the Jews wanted to harm Hitler and bring the entire sacr
ed Aryan supremacy movement into disrepute, which they did - with diabolical cleverness - by fabricating the Holocaust. Just as with Cutler's* analysis of The Order's failure, in denying the Holocaust, the Aryan racists are admitting they aren't capable o
f carrying out their own aims. Each time they appear to have tried to do so - as with the Jews in Germany or The Order - they are actually under the control of their enemy. In this way, claims of Aryan superiority become riddled with admissions of Aryan i
nferiority, which admissions - because they are psychologically insupportable to those making them - are readily denied through the creation of a fantasy world..." ({\i Martinez}, 206)
\par \pard 
\par * Eldon "Bud" Cutler, who succeeded Gary Yarbrough as security chief for the Aryan Nations in 1985
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\b\f5\fs28\kerning28 Reference Section{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539718}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539795}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541196}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541922}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 
\par An extensive Holocaust-related bibliography is available from our archives, at URL {\ul}.
\par In the future, as we locate sources of material specific to the IHR and Willis Carto, we will add them to this section.
\par We have published several Holocaust-related FAQ's previous to this one, and all are available via anonymous ftp (see the beginning of  this document for specifics). These research guides also provide  specific bibliographic citations.
\par The following are available now:
\par    \tab {\ul Archive Name\tab  Subject\tab \tab File Name}
\par \tab 
\par \tab auschwitz\tab Auschwitz\tab \tab auschwitz.faq1
\par \tab auschwitz\tab Auschwitz\tab \tab auschwitz.faq2
\par \tab leuchter\tab Leuchter Report\tab leuchter.faq1
\par \tab leuchter\tab Leuchter Report\tab leuchter.faq2
\par \tab reinhard\tab Operation Reinhard \tab reinhard.faq1
\par \tab reinhard\tab Operation Reinhard\tab reinhard.faq2
\par The Fascism and Holocaust archives are also available via anonymous ftp from:, and via the World Wide Web (f{\ul tp://}).
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{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539719}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539796}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541197}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541923}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20  
\par ADL Special Report. Embattled Bigots: A Split in the Ranks of the Holocaust Denial Movement. Anti-Defamation League, 1994.
\par Diamond, Sara. Spiritual Warfare: The Politics of the Christian Right. Montreal, PQ, and New York: Black Rose Books, 1990
\par George, John and Laird Wilcox. Nazis, Communists, Klansmen and Others on the Fringe. New York:  Promotheus, 1992
\par "It's Not Populism," and "When Hate Groups Come to Town: A Handbook of Effective Community Response." Center for Democratic Renewal, P.O. Box 50469, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 30302-0469. 
\par Mintz, Frank P. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right: Race, Conspiracy, and Culture. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985
\par Simonds, C.H. "Liberty Lobby - Willis Carto and his Fronts," National Review, September 10, 1971. ({\ul Get orgs/american/ihr/carto.002} for complete text.)
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539720}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539797}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541198}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541924}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 7.2\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 Glossary
{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539720}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539797}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541198}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541924}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 NCLC: The National Caucus of Labor Committees, organized by followers of Lyndon LaRouche. For a comprehensive look at LaRouche and the NCLC, see King.
\par {\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539721}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361539798}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541199}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc361541925}{\pntext\pard\plain\b\i\f5 7.3\tab}\pard\plain \s2\sb240\sa60\keepn{\*\pn \pnlvl2\pndec\pnprev1\pnstart1\pnsp144 }\b\i\f5 Works Cited
{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539721}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361539798}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541199}{\*\bkmkend _Toc361541925}
\par \pard\plain \f5\fs20 Aho, James. The Politics of Righteousness: Idaho Christian Patriotism. 
\par      Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1990
\par Anderson, Scott and John Lee Anderson. Inside the League. New York: Dodd, 
\par      Mead and Company, 1986
\par Caplan, Marc, ed. Hitler's Apologists: The Anti-Semitic Propaganda
\par      of Holocaust "Revisionism". Anti-Defamation League, 1993
\par Barrett, Stanley R. Is God a Racist? Toronto: University of 
\par       Toronto Press, 1987. ISBN 0802066739
\par Bellant, Russ. Old Nazis, the New Right, and the Republican Party. 
\par       Boston: South End Press, 1991
\par Bilodeau, Paul. "The Zundel Trial," Toronto Star: March 4, 1988
\par CDC. "Fact Sheet: Holocaust Denial," Coalition for Human Dignity,
\par       P.O. Box 40344, Portland, Oregon 97240.
\par Criminal Politics, Patterson Strategy Organization, P.O. Box 37812, 
\par       Cincinnati, Ohio 45222
\par Diamond, Sara. 'The Right's Grass Roots.' "Z"  March 1992: 19+
\par Fielding, Nigel. The National Front. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981
\par Gritz, James. Called to Serve. Sandy Valley, Nevada: Lazarus Publishing 
\par       Company, 1991
\par Hill, Ray, with Andrew Bell. The Other Face of Terror. Grafton Books,
\par       1988 **
\par \pard King, Dennis. Lyndon LaRouche and the New American Fascism. New York:
\par       Doubleday, 1989
\par Knight, Derrick. Beyond the Pale: The Christian Political Fringe. 
\par       Lanashire: Caraf Publications, 1982 
\par Lipstadt, Deborah E.  Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on
\par       Truth and Memory.  New York: The Free Press (A division of Macmillan,
\par       Inc.), 1993.
\par Martinez, Thomas, with John Guinther. Brotherhood of Murder. New
\par       York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1988. ISBN 0070406995
\par Mintz, Frank P. The Liberty Lobby and the American Right. Westport,
\par       Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1985
\par Rauber, Paul. 'Response to letter by Mark Weber.' "The Express"
\par       January 17, 1992: 4. [PS-Express Publishing Company, P.O. Box 3198,
\par       Berkeley, California] (Request ihr express.011792 for the entire 
\par       Weber letter and Rauber's response, transcribed for release to 
\par       UseNet with permission)
\par Rauber, Paul. 'Sticks and Stones' column, "The Express" 
\par       January 10, 1992 (Request ihr express.011092 for the complete
\par       article, transcribed for release to UseNet with permission)
\par Ridgeway, James. Blood in the Face. Thunder's Mouth Press, 1990
\par Rose, Douglas, ed. The Emergence of David Duke and the Politics of Race. 
\par        Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992 
\par Scriptures for America, P.O. Box 766, LaPorte, Colorado, 80535. 
\par Seidel, Gill. The Holocaust Denial. London: Beyond the Pale Collective, 1986
\par Spotlight, The. According to the masthead on the May 17, 1993 edition, 
\par      The Spotlight is published weekly except for two issues combined into one at the 
\par      beginning of the year by Cordite Fidelity, Inc.  at 300 Independence Ave.  SE, 
\par      Washington, D.C.  20003. *
\par \pard *  However, the Spotlight has referred to Liberty Lobby as the publisher of the Spotlight-see Section 4.2, first paragraph.  Most likely Cordite Fidelity is some sort of holding company.
\par \pard 
\par \pard 
** The reference to the Nazi-style attire of Tyndall in the Hill book comes from the caption of an un-numbered page which is one of the photographs ("plates" I would call them) in the center of the book between pages 160 and 161.  Page 61 (sixty-one) desc
ribes the  Spearhead paramilitary group and its breakup by police.  
\par \pard 
\par }

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